Deputies at the National Assembly Monday unanimously considered and approved the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol (2013- 2020) during the third meeting of the 2016 Legislative year.
On laying the amendment before the House, Hon. Ousman Jarju, Minister of Environment, Climate Change and Natural Resources explained that following coming into effect of the Kyoto Protocol in October 2005, Parties agreed in Bali 2007 to create an Adhoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties (AWG-KP) to negotiate whether and how the Quantified Emission Limitations and Reduction Obligations (QUELROs) of Annex I (developed) parties would continue in the post 2012 time period.
He said a second working group was also created in Bali, the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA). “The Conference of Parties (COP) in Bali decided to launch a comprehensive process to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012, in order to reach an agreed outcome and adopt a decision at its fifteenth session in Copenhagen. The Copenhagen Conference did not resolve the range of issues under either of the AWGs and the mandates of the working groups were extended”, he stated.
However, during the 18th Session of the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Doha, he noted, the Ad-hoc Working Group on Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) focused on resolving outstanding issues to ensure successful completion of the group’s work in Doha by recommending an amendment to the Conference & Meeting of Parties (CMP) for adoption. “Parties’ proposals to amend the Protocol were first taken up by the CMP Plenary on 28th November 2012 when the CMP was presented with 14 proposals submitted by parties to amend the Protocol”.
Minister Jarju further indicated that the Doha Amendment also recognises that Parties may provisionally apply the amendment pending its entry into force, and decides that each Annex I Party will revisit its second commitment period of QELRC by 2014 at the latest, and may increase the ambition of this QELRC in line with an aggregate reduction of GHG emissions of at least 25-40% below 1990 levels by 2020.
“On the share of proceeds, the CMP extends the 2% share of proceeds levy to assist vulnerable developing countries to meet the costs of adaptation to emissions trading and JI. Regarding the carry-over of surplus AAUs, the CMP decides that CERs or ERUs in the national registry of an Annex I Party that have not been cancelled or retired may be carried over to the subsequent commitment period up to a maximum for each unit type of 2.5% of the Party’s assigned amount; and such a party with surplus CERs, ERUs or AAUs can use this excess to fulfill its commitment, if its emissions exceed its assigned amount; and allows parties to acquire units from other parties’ previous surplus reserve accounts into their own such accounts, up to 2% of their first commitment period assigned amounts,” he concluded.
Seconding the motion, Abdou Kolley, the National Assembly Member for Kombo South said that climate change has negative impact in the livelihood of the people. He thanked the minister for coming up with this agreement and urged his colleagues to ratify this agreement as soon as possible.
by Aji Fatou Faal-Sonko